Dr. Abiodun Williams, President of The Hague Institute, recently published a chapter on “The Possibilities for Preventive Deployment” in the volume “The Responsibility to Prevent: Overcoming the Challenges to Atrocity Prevention”, edited by Serena K. Sharma and Jennifer M. Welsh.
Among the constitutive elements of the responsibility to protect (R2P), prevention has been deemed by many as the most important. The central argument of this volume is that the responsibility to prevent should be conceptualized as crimes prevention. Drawing on contributions from an international group of academics and practitioners, this book seeks to improve our knowledge of how to operationalize the responsibility to prevent genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, and ethnic cleansing.
In the third section, in which the authors draw lessons from actual cases of preventive action, both historical and recent, about the relative success of particular tools and approaches, Dr. Williams discusses the case of Macedonia. He demonstrates how the deployment of a United Nations Force in Macedonia between 1992-1999 served a supportive, rather than a coercive, purpose. Dr. Williams outlines the conditions necessary for effective preventive deployment and assesses the utility of the Macedonian case as an example for future conflict management.