The Hague Institute for Global Justice hosted a conversation on the Mechanism for International Criminal Tribunals (MICT) and the Kosovo Specialist Chambers as new models of tribunals. MICT was established in 2010 by the United Nations Security Council as a small, temporary and effective structure mandated to carry out a number of essential functions of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda and the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia after their closure.
The functions of MICT include a range of judicial activities, the tracking and trial of remaining fugitives, protection of victims and witnesses, assistance to national jurisdictions, and preservation and management of the Tribunals’ archives. Pursuant to the Transitional Arrangements agreed by the Council, the Mechanism is currently seized of appeals in the Karadžić and Šešelj cases, a retrial in the Stanišić and Simatović case, and a range of other matters.
The Kosovo Specialist Chambers and Specialist Prosecutor’s Office were established by the Kosovo Assembly through a Constitutional Amendment and the Law on Specialist Chambers and Specialist Prosecutor’s Office. The Chambers will conduct trials for allegations stemming from the Council of Europe Parliamentary Assembly Report of 7 January 2011 which alleges grave trans‑boundary and international crimes. The Specialist Chambers have a seat in The Hague, The Netherlands, and are to be staffed with international judges, prosecutors, and staff.
This event offered a unique opportunity to discuss specific aspects of these institutions, how they differ from other international courts and tribunals, as well as their possible contributions to future accountability efforts.
- Judge Theodor Meron, President of the Mechanism for International Criminal Tribunals
- Dr. Fidelma Donlon, Registrar of the Kosovo Specialist Chambers
- Prof. Dr. Carsten Stahn, Chair of International Criminal Law and Global Justice and Programme Director of the Grotius Centre for International Legal Studies, Leiden University
- Dr. Abi Williams, President of The Hague Institute, will lead the conversation.
During the conversation, an audience member raised a question about the conflict in Syria: “To what extent can we apply MICT to the Syrian conflict?” Ambassador Stephen Rapp weighs in.
Ambassador Stephen Rapp is an American diplomat and prosecutor with more than 30 years of legal experience in the U.S. government and the United Nations working on issues of war crimes, genocide and crimes against humanity.